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34, Hidden and Learning Disabilities

Hidden and Learning Disabilities

People with Mental Health Conditions

Mental illness is a general term for a group of illnesses that affect the mind or brain. These illnesses, which include bipolar disorder, depression, schizophrenia, anxiety and personality disorders, affect the way a person thinks, feels and acts.

A person with a mental health condition may experience difficulty concentrating, which can sometimes be a result of medication. Try to avoid overly stressful situations wherever possible so that their condition is not exacerbated.


  • Provide clear and thorough explanations and instructions, in writing if required.
  • Ask the person how they would like to receive information.
  • Allow more time and greater flexibility for response or interaction.

People with acquired brain injury (ABI)

The long term effects are different for each person and can range from mild to profound. It is common for many people with ABI to experience:

  • Increased fatigue (mental and physical)
  • Some slowing down in the speed with which they process information, plan and solve problems
  • Changes to their behavior and personality, physical and sensory abilities, or thinking and learning
  • May also have difficulty in areas such as memory, concentration, and communication.

A person with an Acquired Brain Injury does not have an intellectual disability and does not have a mental illness


  • Provide clear and thorough explanations and instructions.
  • Minimise stress to maximise concentration and performance.
  • Give verbal and written instructions or try giving examples to illustrate ideas and summarise ideas.




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